COVID-19
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Artículos recientes publicados por colecciones de revistas científicas biomédicas de América Latina.
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SPECIAL ARTICLE COVID-19: ENT Manifestations in Patients Suffering from COVID- 19: Study from a COVID Hospital in North India

Srivastava, Anitya; Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences. Department of ENT. Lucknow. IN, Agarwal, Ashish Chandra; Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences. Department of ENT. Lucknow. IN, Leer más
Alam, Syed Zeeshan; Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences. Department of ENT. Lucknow. IN



Fuente científica: Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.)

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

Abstract Introduction COVID-19 has been one of the worst pandemics faced by the human civilization, and otorhinolaryngological manifestations are commonly seen in this disease. Objective The present study was done to profile the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) manifestations in patients diagnosed with COVID-19. An attempt has also been made to assess whether there was any difference between the symptoms of different strains of COVID-19. A brief review of the current knowledge of the transmission of the disease and its treatment has also been done. Methods A cross-sectional, record-based study was conducted in a COVID hospital of India between May and July 2020. Descriptive statistics were used and appropriate parametric/nonparametric tests were applied to assess the association between various variables. Results Out of 250 patients, 80 cases were asymptomatic and 170 were symptomatic. Most of the symptomatic patients had sore throat and nasal congestion. Conclusion Knowledge of the ENT manifestations of COVID-19 is essential for its early identification and to devise appropriate prevention protocols for the benefit of health care workers (HCWs) and of the general population.

Palabras clave: Covid-19, ENT, Otorhinolaryngology manifestations, Pandemic, SARS-COV-2


SPECIAL ARTICLE COVID-19: Safety for the Rhinologist in the Age of COVID-19: Mask Use, Nasal Corticosteroids, Saline Irrigation, and Endoscopic Procedures - Literature Review

Kosugi, Eduardo Macoto; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Villa, Jonatas Figueiredo; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Leer más
Ramos, Henrique Faria; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Luz-Matsumoto, Gabriela Ricci; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Serrano, Thiago Luis Infanger; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Campos, Carlos Augusto Correia de; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Barreto, Carolina Cincurá; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Lima, Clara Mônica; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Fornazieri, Marco Aurélio; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Piltcher, Otavio; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Lessa, Marcus Miranda; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Romano, Fabrizio Ricci; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR



Fuente científica: Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.)

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

Abstract Introduction Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has claimed millions of lives. Adequate protection of the professionals involved in patient care is essential in the battle against this disease. However, there is much uncertainty involving safety-relarted topics that are of particular interest to the rhinologist in the context of COVID-19. Objective To evaluate the current evidence regarding three safety-related topics: mask and respirator use, performance of nasal endoscopic procedures, and use of topical nasal and intranasal medications (saline irrigation and nasal corticosteroids). Methods A literature review was performed on the PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane databases, with standardized search queries for each of the three topics of interest. Results In total, 13 articles on mask use, 6 articles on the safety of nasal corticosteroids, 6 articles on the safety of nasal endoscopic procedures, and 1 article on nasal irrigation with saline solution were included in the final analysis. Conclusion N95 respirators are essential for the adequate protection of otolaryngologists. If reuse is necessary, physical methods of sterilization must be employed. No evidence was found to contraindicate the use of nasal corticosteroids, whether acute (in the management of sinonasal inflammatory conditions) or continued (in patients who use them chronically). Nasal irrigation with saline solution apparently does not increase the risk in the context of COVID-19. Nasal endoscopic procedures should only be performed after testing the patient for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and the surgical team must wear full personal protective equipment to prevent aerosol exposure.

Palabras clave: COVID-19, Corticosteroids, Masks, Nasal endoscopy, Nasal saline solution, Safety


Hearing Loss, Tinnitus, and Dizziness and their Relation with Covid-19: what is the Current Evidence?

Bento, Ricardo Ferreira; University of São Paulo. Hospital das Clínicas, Faculty of Medicine. Department of Ophthalmology and Otorhinolaryngology. São Paulo. BR, Campos, Tatiane Vacaro; University of São Paulo. Hospital das Clínicas, Faculty of Medicine. Department of Ophthalmology and Otorhinolaryngology. São Paulo. BR


Fuente científica: Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.)

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022


SPECIAL ARTICLE COVID-19: Covid-19-Related Acute Invasive Fungal Sinusitis: Clinical Features and Outcomes

Abdelsamie, Alaa Mohamed; Benha University. Otorhinolaryngology department. Faculty of Medicine. Benha. EG, Abdelazim, Hossam Mohamed; Benha University. Otorhinolaryngology department. Faculty of Medicine. Benha. EG, Leer más
Elnems, Mohamed Goda; Benha University. Otorhinolaryngology department. Faculty of Medicine. Benha. EG, Abdelhakam, Rehab Bassam; Benha University. Otorhinolaryngology department. Faculty of Medicine. Benha. EG, Abdelalim, Abdelrahman Ahmed; Benha University. Otorhinolaryngology department. Faculty of Medicine. Benha. EG



Fuente científica: Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.)

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

Abstract Introduction There is a noticeable increase in the incidence of acute invasive fungal sinusitis which coincides with the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. It is a potentiallylethal fungal infection, with the most common form being the rhino-orbito-cerebral presentation. Objectives The aim of the present study is to discuss the different epidemiological factors, risk factors, clinical presentations and outcomes of acute invasive fungal sinusitis which is noticeably related to the coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) pandemic. Methods The present cross-sectional cohort study included 22 adult patients who presented with Covid-19-related acute invasive fungal sinusitis. The diagnosis of acute invasive fungal sinusitis was confirmed by histopathological biopsy. All data, including demographics, risk factors, clinical findings, different lines of treatment and their outcomes, were recorded and analyzed. Results All patients had diabetes mellitus (100%), and 17 (77.3%) had been submitted to systemic steroids. All patients (100%) had unilateral sinonasal disease. Proptosis was found in 15 patients (68.2%), ophthalmoplegia was observed in 12 patients (54.5%), and intracranial affection occurred in 10 patients (45.5%). A total of 20 patients (90.9%) received liposomal amphotericin B. Surgical debridement was performed in 18 patients (45.5%). Non-septated mycelia was present in 19 biopsies (86.4%), while 3 (13.6%) showed septated mycelia. Total improvement was achieved in 10 patients (45.5%), while the mortality rate was of 27.3% (6 out of 22 participants). Conclusion Diabetes mellitus is the most common preexisting medical condition associated with Covid-19-related acute invasive fungal sinusitis. Systemic corticosteroid therapy is considered a predisposing factor. It is necessary to raise the level of awareness to diagnose this condition, especially in patients with Covid-19 infection or those who have recently recovered from it.

Palabras clave: Covid-19, Mucormycosis, Sinusitis


Science Gender Gap: Are We in theRight Path?

Oliveira, Gláucia Maria Moraes de; Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro. BR, Tenorio, Marge; Tecnologia e Insumos Estratégicos do Ministério da Saúde. Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia da Secretaria de Ciência. Brasília. BR, Leer más
Siqueira, Alessandra de Sá Earp; Tecnologia e Insumos Estratégicos do Ministério da Saúde. Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia da Secretaria de Ciência. Brasília. BR



Fuente científica: Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.)

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

Palabras clave: COVID-19, Cardiologists, Cardiovascular Disease, Ethics, Gender Identity, Pandemic, Women

Dia Mundial do Rim 2021 - vivendo bem com a doença renal: forças, fraquezas, oportunidades e ameaças durante a COVID-19
World Kidney Day 2021 - living well with kidney disease: strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats during COVID-19

Santos, Reginaldo Passoni dos; Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná. Hospital Universitário. Departamento de Enfermagem. Cascavel. BR


Fuente científica: J. bras. nefrol

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

Tuberculose em tempos de COVID-19: não podemos perder o foco no diagnóstico
Tuberculosis in times of COVID-19: we cannot lose focus on the diagnosis

Torres, Pedro Paulo Teixeira e Silva; Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro. BR, Rabahi, Marcelo Fouad; Universidade Federal de Goiás. Goiânia. BR


Fuente científica: Radiol. bras

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

Dependências e saúde mental na era trans e pós-COVID-19: estamos preparados para ensinar e tratar?
Addictions and mental health in the trans- and post-COVID-19 era: are we prepared to teach and treat?

Pechansky, Flavio; Hospital de Clínicas of Porto Alegre. Addiction Psychiatry Service. BR, Sordi, Anne; Hospital de Clínicas of Porto Alegre. Addiction Psychiatry Service. BR, Leer más
Benzano, Daniela; Hospital de Clínicas of Porto Alegre. Center for Drug and Alcohol Research. BR, Ornell, Felipe; Hospital de Clínicas of Porto Alegre. Center for Drug and Alcohol Research. BR



Fuente científica: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

Consumo de álcool em professores da rede pública estadual durante a pandemia da COVID-19
Alcohol consumption in state public school teachers during the COVID-19 pandemics

Leão, Ana Cláudia Alves; Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Hospital Universitário Clemente de Faria. Montes Claros. BR, Silva, Nayra Suze Souza e; Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Montes Claros. BR, Leer más
Messias, Romerson Brito; Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Departamento de Saúde Mental e Coletiva. Montes Claros. BR, Haikal, Desirée SantAna; Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Montes Claros. BR, Silveira, Marise Fagundes; Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Montes Claros. BR, Pinho, Lucineia de; Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Programa de Pós-graduação em Cuidado Primário em Saúde. Montes Claros. BR, Silva, Rosângela Ramos Veloso; Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Programa de Pós-graduação em Cuidado Primário em Saúde. Montes Claros. BR, Brito, Maria Fernanda Santos Figueiredo; Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Programa de Pós-graduação em Cuidado Primário em Saúde. Montes Claros. BR



Fuente científica: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o consumo de álcool entre os professores da rede pública estadual do ensino básico antes e durante a pandemia da COVID-19 e os fatores associados aos que aumentaram o consumo de bebidas alcoólicas durante a pandemia. Métodos: Inquérito epidemiológico do tipo websurvey , realizado com professores da educação básica das escolas da rede pública estadual de Minas Gerais. A coleta ocorreu de agosto a setembro/2020 via formulário digital e contou com o apoio da Secretaria de Estado de Educação. A variável dependente adotada foi o aumento no consumo de bebidas alcoólicas pelos professores durante a pandemia. Foi utilizada a regressão de Poisson, adotando nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Participaram do estudo 15.641 professores de 795 municípios mineiros. Em relação ao consumo de bebidas alcoólicas, antes da pandemia, 46,9% dos professores consumiam pelo menos uma vez por semana e durante a pandemia 7,1% relataram que estavam bebendo mais do que costumavam. Observou-se maior consumo de bebida alcoólica durante a pandemia entre os homens, com menor faixa etária, com maior renda familiar, os que tiveram muita dificuldade em realizar as atividades escolares, os insatisfeitos com o trabalho, os que começaram a ter problemas de sono e naqueles com algum familiar/amigo que desenvolveu sintomas graves da COVID-19. Conclusões: Os resultados evidenciaram que a maioria dos participantes manteve o seu consumo ou o diminuiu durante a pandemia, com 7,1% aumentando o uso de álcool. Esse aumento foi associado a fatores sociodemográficos e econômicos, condições de trabalho durante a pandemia, comportamentos/hábitos de vida e condições de saúde.

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate alcohol consumption among state public elementary school teachers before and during the COVID-19 pandemic and the factors associated with who increased their alcohol consumption during the pandemic. Methods: Websurvey-type epidemiological survey, carried out with primary education teachers from public schools in Minas Gerais. A probabilistic sample with proportionality for state teachers was estimated. The collection took place from August to September 2020 via digital form and had the support of the State Department of Education. The dependent variable adopted was the increase in the consumption of alcoholic beverages by teachers during the pandemic. Poisson Regression was used, adopting a significance level of 5%. Results: 15,641 teachers from 795 Minas Gerais municipalities participated in the study. Regarding the consumption of alcoholic beverages, before the pandemic 46.9% of teachers consumed at least once a week and during the pandemic 7.1% reported that they were drinking more than they used to. Higher consumption of alcoholic beverages was observed during the pandemic among men, with a lower age group, higher family income, those who had great difficulty to carry out school activities, those dissatisfied with work, those who started having sleep problems and in those where a family member or friend developed symptoms serious problems of COVID-19. Conclusions: The results showed that most participants maintained their consumption or decreased it during the pandemic. This increase was associated with sociodemographic and economic factors, working conditions during the pandemic, behaviors/life habits and health conditions.

Palabras clave: Alcoholic beverages, Bebidas alcoólicas, COVID-19, COVID-19, Health, Pandemia, Pandemic, Professores, Saúde, Teachers