COVID-19
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Artículos recientes publicados por colecciones de revistas científicas biomédicas de América Latina.
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SPECIAL ARTICLE COVID-19: ENT Manifestations in Patients Suffering from COVID- 19: Study from a COVID Hospital in North India

Srivastava, Anitya; Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences. Department of ENT. Lucknow. IN, Agarwal, Ashish Chandra; Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences. Department of ENT. Lucknow. IN, Leer más
Alam, Syed Zeeshan; Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences. Department of ENT. Lucknow. IN



Fuente científica: Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.)

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

Abstract Introduction COVID-19 has been one of the worst pandemics faced by the human civilization, and otorhinolaryngological manifestations are commonly seen in this disease. Objective The present study was done to profile the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) manifestations in patients diagnosed with COVID-19. An attempt has also been made to assess whether there was any difference between the symptoms of different strains of COVID-19. A brief review of the current knowledge of the transmission of the disease and its treatment has also been done. Methods A cross-sectional, record-based study was conducted in a COVID hospital of India between May and July 2020. Descriptive statistics were used and appropriate parametric/nonparametric tests were applied to assess the association between various variables. Results Out of 250 patients, 80 cases were asymptomatic and 170 were symptomatic. Most of the symptomatic patients had sore throat and nasal congestion. Conclusion Knowledge of the ENT manifestations of COVID-19 is essential for its early identification and to devise appropriate prevention protocols for the benefit of health care workers (HCWs) and of the general population.

Palabras clave: Covid-19, ENT, Otorhinolaryngology manifestations, Pandemic, SARS-COV-2


SPECIAL ARTICLE COVID-19: Safety for the Rhinologist in the Age of COVID-19: Mask Use, Nasal Corticosteroids, Saline Irrigation, and Endoscopic Procedures - Literature Review

Kosugi, Eduardo Macoto; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Villa, Jonatas Figueiredo; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Leer más
Ramos, Henrique Faria; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Luz-Matsumoto, Gabriela Ricci; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Serrano, Thiago Luis Infanger; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Campos, Carlos Augusto Correia de; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Barreto, Carolina Cincurá; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Lima, Clara Mônica; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Fornazieri, Marco Aurélio; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Piltcher, Otavio; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Lessa, Marcus Miranda; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR, Romano, Fabrizio Ricci; Academia Brasileira de Rinologia (ABR). Scientific Committee. São Paulo. BR



Fuente científica: Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.)

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

Abstract Introduction Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has claimed millions of lives. Adequate protection of the professionals involved in patient care is essential in the battle against this disease. However, there is much uncertainty involving safety-relarted topics that are of particular interest to the rhinologist in the context of COVID-19. Objective To evaluate the current evidence regarding three safety-related topics: mask and respirator use, performance of nasal endoscopic procedures, and use of topical nasal and intranasal medications (saline irrigation and nasal corticosteroids). Methods A literature review was performed on the PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane databases, with standardized search queries for each of the three topics of interest. Results In total, 13 articles on mask use, 6 articles on the safety of nasal corticosteroids, 6 articles on the safety of nasal endoscopic procedures, and 1 article on nasal irrigation with saline solution were included in the final analysis. Conclusion N95 respirators are essential for the adequate protection of otolaryngologists. If reuse is necessary, physical methods of sterilization must be employed. No evidence was found to contraindicate the use of nasal corticosteroids, whether acute (in the management of sinonasal inflammatory conditions) or continued (in patients who use them chronically). Nasal irrigation with saline solution apparently does not increase the risk in the context of COVID-19. Nasal endoscopic procedures should only be performed after testing the patient for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and the surgical team must wear full personal protective equipment to prevent aerosol exposure.

Palabras clave: COVID-19, Corticosteroids, Masks, Nasal endoscopy, Nasal saline solution, Safety


Hearing Loss, Tinnitus, and Dizziness and their Relation with Covid-19: what is the Current Evidence?

Bento, Ricardo Ferreira; University of São Paulo. Hospital das Clínicas, Faculty of Medicine. Department of Ophthalmology and Otorhinolaryngology. São Paulo. BR, Campos, Tatiane Vacaro; University of São Paulo. Hospital das Clínicas, Faculty of Medicine. Department of Ophthalmology and Otorhinolaryngology. São Paulo. BR


Fuente científica: Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.)

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022


SPECIAL ARTICLE COVID-19: Covid-19-Related Acute Invasive Fungal Sinusitis: Clinical Features and Outcomes

Abdelsamie, Alaa Mohamed; Benha University. Otorhinolaryngology department. Faculty of Medicine. Benha. EG, Abdelazim, Hossam Mohamed; Benha University. Otorhinolaryngology department. Faculty of Medicine. Benha. EG, Leer más
Elnems, Mohamed Goda; Benha University. Otorhinolaryngology department. Faculty of Medicine. Benha. EG, Abdelhakam, Rehab Bassam; Benha University. Otorhinolaryngology department. Faculty of Medicine. Benha. EG, Abdelalim, Abdelrahman Ahmed; Benha University. Otorhinolaryngology department. Faculty of Medicine. Benha. EG



Fuente científica: Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.)

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

Abstract Introduction There is a noticeable increase in the incidence of acute invasive fungal sinusitis which coincides with the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. It is a potentiallylethal fungal infection, with the most common form being the rhino-orbito-cerebral presentation. Objectives The aim of the present study is to discuss the different epidemiological factors, risk factors, clinical presentations and outcomes of acute invasive fungal sinusitis which is noticeably related to the coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) pandemic. Methods The present cross-sectional cohort study included 22 adult patients who presented with Covid-19-related acute invasive fungal sinusitis. The diagnosis of acute invasive fungal sinusitis was confirmed by histopathological biopsy. All data, including demographics, risk factors, clinical findings, different lines of treatment and their outcomes, were recorded and analyzed. Results All patients had diabetes mellitus (100%), and 17 (77.3%) had been submitted to systemic steroids. All patients (100%) had unilateral sinonasal disease. Proptosis was found in 15 patients (68.2%), ophthalmoplegia was observed in 12 patients (54.5%), and intracranial affection occurred in 10 patients (45.5%). A total of 20 patients (90.9%) received liposomal amphotericin B. Surgical debridement was performed in 18 patients (45.5%). Non-septated mycelia was present in 19 biopsies (86.4%), while 3 (13.6%) showed septated mycelia. Total improvement was achieved in 10 patients (45.5%), while the mortality rate was of 27.3% (6 out of 22 participants). Conclusion Diabetes mellitus is the most common preexisting medical condition associated with Covid-19-related acute invasive fungal sinusitis. Systemic corticosteroid therapy is considered a predisposing factor. It is necessary to raise the level of awareness to diagnose this condition, especially in patients with Covid-19 infection or those who have recently recovered from it.

Palabras clave: Covid-19, Mucormycosis, Sinusitis


Science Gender Gap: Are We in theRight Path?

Oliveira, Gláucia Maria Moraes de; Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro. BR, Tenorio, Marge; Tecnologia e Insumos Estratégicos do Ministério da Saúde. Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia da Secretaria de Ciência. Brasília. BR, Leer más
Siqueira, Alessandra de Sá Earp; Tecnologia e Insumos Estratégicos do Ministério da Saúde. Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia da Secretaria de Ciência. Brasília. BR



Fuente científica: Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.)

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

Palabras clave: COVID-19, Cardiologists, Cardiovascular Disease, Ethics, Gender Identity, Pandemic, Women

Dia Mundial do Rim 2021 - vivendo bem com a doença renal: forças, fraquezas, oportunidades e ameaças durante a COVID-19
World Kidney Day 2021 - living well with kidney disease: strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats during COVID-19

Santos, Reginaldo Passoni dos; Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná. Hospital Universitário. Departamento de Enfermagem. Cascavel. BR


Fuente científica: J. bras. nefrol

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

Tuberculose em tempos de COVID-19: não podemos perder o foco no diagnóstico
Tuberculosis in times of COVID-19: we cannot lose focus on the diagnosis

Torres, Pedro Paulo Teixeira e Silva; Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro. BR, Rabahi, Marcelo Fouad; Universidade Federal de Goiás. Goiânia. BR


Fuente científica: Radiol. bras

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

Impacto da Primeira Onda da Pandemia de COVID-19 na Cirurgia Cardiovascular no Brasil: Análise de um Centro Terciário de Referência
Impact of the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Cardiovascular Surgery in Brazil: Analysis of a Tertiary Reference Center

Lisboa, Luiz Augusto; Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto do Coração. São Paulo. BR, Mejia, Omar Asdrúbal Vilca; Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto do Coração. São Paulo. BR, Leer más
Arita, Elisandra Trevisan; Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto do Coração. São Paulo. BR, Guerreiro, Gustavo Pampolha; Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto do Coração. São Paulo. BR, Silveira, Lucas Molinari Veloso da; Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto do Coração. São Paulo. BR, Brandão, Carlos Manuel de Almeida; Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto do Coração. São Paulo. BR, Dias, Ricardo Ribeiro; Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto do Coração. São Paulo. BR, Dallan, Luís Roberto Palma; Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto do Coração. São Paulo. BR, Miana, Leonardo; Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto do Coração. São Paulo. BR, Caneo, Luiz F; Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto do Coração. São Paulo. BR, Jatene, Marcelo Biscegli; Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto do Coração. São Paulo. BR, Dallan, Luís Alberto Oliveira; Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto do Coração. São Paulo. BR, Jatene, Fabio Biscegli; Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto do Coração. São Paulo. BR



Fuente científica: Arq. bras. cardiol

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

Palabras clave: Atenção Terciária à Saúde, COVID-19, COVID-19, Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia, Cirurgia Torácica, Elective Surgical Procedures, Heart Defects Congenital /surgery, Hospitalization, Hospitalização, Mortalidade, Mortality, Pandemia, Pandemics, Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos, Tertiary Healthcare/trends, Thoracic Surgery


Subacute thyroiditis associated with COVID-19 infection: a report of an increasing entity

Hajósi-Kalcakosz, Szofia; Heim Pál Childrens Hospital. Department of Infectious Diseases. Budapest. HU, Dénes, Judit; Hungarian Defense Forces. 2nd Department of Medicine. Division of Endocrinology. Budapest. HU, Leer más
Góth, Miklós; Hungarian Defense Forces. 2nd Department of Medicine. Division of Endocrinology. Budapest. HU



Fuente científica: Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online)

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

SUMMARY In March 2020, the World Health Organization characterized COVID-19 as a pandemic. By May 2021, 37 cases of subacute thyroiditis (SAT) associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) had been reported in the literature. We report a patient diagnosed with SAT associated with COVID-19 and review the previously reported cases. A 31-year-old female with no significant previous history developed SAT 5 weeks after SARS-CoV-2 infection. She presented with anterior neck pain and fever. Thyroid function tests revealed hyperthyroidism with slightly increased inflammatory markers. Thyroid ultrasound showed diffuse hypoechoic left lobe and a hypoechoic area in the right lobe. On the fine-needle-aspiration biopsy, large histiocytes, disrupted and normal follicles, and multinucleated giant cells within colloid were seen. Under oral corticosteroid therapy, clinical progression was rapid. Seven weeks later, all thyroid function tests and inflammatory markers normalized. During the recent viral outbreak, clinicians should keep in mind the possibility of SAT after COVID-19, and patients with symptoms of SAT should be tested for SARS-CoV-2.