Conceptos Categóricos

LA EDUCACION ES NECESARIA PARA PREVENIR EL TRAUMATISMO CEFALICO POR ABUSO EN LOS NIÑOS

LA EDUCACION ES NECESARIA PARA PREVENIR EL TRAUMATISMO CEFALICO POR ABUSO EN LOS NIÑOS

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El traumatismo cefálico abusivo en niños de corta edad con frecuencia es subdiagnosticado y subinformado. Los profesionales de la salud requieren entrenamiento adicional en esta área. Diversas estrategias basadas en la comunidad mostraron resultados promisorios en la educación al público acerca del traumatismo cefálico abusivo y en la prevención de su aparición.
Autor:
Michelle Ward
Columnista Experta de SIIC

Institución:
University of Ottawa


Artículos publicados por Michelle Ward
Coautor
W. James King* 
University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canadá*
Recepción del artículo
10 de Agosto, 2011
Aprobación
1 de Agosto, 2012
Primera edición
23 de Octubre, 2012
Segunda edición, ampliada y corregida
16 de Enero, 2013

Resumen
El abuso infantil es la causa más común de lesión cefálica grave en los niños de corta edad. A pesar de ello, el traumatismo cefálico abusivo con frecuencia es subdiagnosticado y subinformado. Esto se relaciona parcialmente con el entrenamiento inadecuado que los profesionales de la salud reciben en el reconocimiento y enfoque del abuso infantil. Actualmente, está disponible el contenido curricular para las universidades médicas y programas de residencia. Dadas las altas tasas de muerte y deterioro neurológico grave asociado con el traumatismo cefálico abusivo, la prevención se ha convertido en el centro de atención. Algunas estrategias de prevención mostraron resultados promisorios en mejorar la educación de los padres y en reducir la incidencia de lesiones. Este artículo revisa la epidemiología, las características clínicas y el desenlace del traumatismo cefálico abusivo en los niños de corta edad. También analiza las estrategias de prevención, como la educación y el contenido curricular para los profesionales de la salud.

Palabras clave
abuso infantil, maltrato, síndrome del bebé sacudido, prevención, educación de los profesionales


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Abstract
Child abuse is the most common cause of serious head injury in young children. Despite this, abusive head trauma is often under-recognized and under-reported. This is partly related to the inadequate training that health professionals receive in child abuse recognition and management. Published curricula are now available for medical school and residency education. Given the high rates of death and serious neurological impairment associated with abusive head trauma, prevention has become a focus. Some prevention strategies show promising results in improving parent education and reducing the incidence of injury. This article reviews the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of abusive head trauma in young children. It also discusses prevention strategies, including education and curricula for health professionals.

Key words
child abuse, maltreatment, shaken baby syndrome, prevention, professional education


Full text
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Clasificación en siicsalud
Artículos originales > Expertos del Mundo >
página   www.siicsalud.com/des/expertocompleto.php/

Especialidades
Principal: Emergentología, Pediatría
Relacionadas: Atención Primaria, Educación Médica, Epidemiología, Medicina Familiar, Salud Mental, Salud Pública



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Enviar correspondencia a:
Michelle Ward, University of Ottawa, K1H8L1, CHEO, 401 Smyth Rd., Ottawa, Canadá
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