COVID-19
Informes Científicos CHEQUEADOS

América Latina Investiga

Artículos recientes publicados por colecciones de revistas científicas biomédicas de América Latina.
La información se presenta en castellano, portugués o inglés, según fuera publicada por los editores o registrada en las bases de datos.
La mayoría de los artículos enlaza con los textos completos y gratuitos de las revistas.
Los trabajos fueron provistos por sus editores o seleccionados por SIIC en recursos documentarios de la región: Scielo, Lilacs, BVS, WHO Iris, Lis, PAHO Iris, SIIC Data Bases y otros.

 

Science Gender Gap: Are We in theRight Path?

Oliveira, Gláucia Maria Moraes de; Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro. BR, Tenorio, Marge; Tecnologia e Insumos Estratégicos do Ministério da Saúde. Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia da Secretaria de Ciência. Brasília. BR, Leer más
Siqueira, Alessandra de Sá Earp; Tecnologia e Insumos Estratégicos do Ministério da Saúde. Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia da Secretaria de Ciência. Brasília. BR



Fuente científica: Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.)

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

Palabras clave: COVID-19, Cardiologists, Cardiovascular Disease, Ethics, Gender Identity, Pandemic, Women

Dia Mundial do Rim 2021 - vivendo bem com a doença renal: forças, fraquezas, oportunidades e ameaças durante a COVID-19
World Kidney Day 2021 - living well with kidney disease: strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats during COVID-19

Santos, Reginaldo Passoni dos; Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná. Hospital Universitário. Departamento de Enfermagem. Cascavel. BR


Fuente científica: J. bras. nefrol

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

Tuberculose em tempos de COVID-19: não podemos perder o foco no diagnóstico
Tuberculosis in times of COVID-19: we cannot lose focus on the diagnosis

Torres, Pedro Paulo Teixeira e Silva; Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro. BR, Rabahi, Marcelo Fouad; Universidade Federal de Goiás. Goiânia. BR


Fuente científica: Radiol. bras

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

Dependências e saúde mental na era trans e pós-COVID-19: estamos preparados para ensinar e tratar?
Addictions and mental health in the trans- and post-COVID-19 era: are we prepared to teach and treat?

Pechansky, Flavio; Hospital de Clínicas of Porto Alegre. Addiction Psychiatry Service. BR, Sordi, Anne; Hospital de Clínicas of Porto Alegre. Addiction Psychiatry Service. BR, Leer más
Benzano, Daniela; Hospital de Clínicas of Porto Alegre. Center for Drug and Alcohol Research. BR, Ornell, Felipe; Hospital de Clínicas of Porto Alegre. Center for Drug and Alcohol Research. BR



Fuente científica: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

Consumo de álcool em professores da rede pública estadual durante a pandemia da COVID-19
Alcohol consumption in state public school teachers during the COVID-19 pandemics

Leão, Ana Cláudia Alves; Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Hospital Universitário Clemente de Faria. Montes Claros. BR, Silva, Nayra Suze Souza e; Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Montes Claros. BR, Leer más
Messias, Romerson Brito; Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Departamento de Saúde Mental e Coletiva. Montes Claros. BR, Haikal, Desirée SantAna; Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Montes Claros. BR, Silveira, Marise Fagundes; Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Montes Claros. BR, Pinho, Lucineia de; Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Programa de Pós-graduação em Cuidado Primário em Saúde. Montes Claros. BR, Silva, Rosângela Ramos Veloso; Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Programa de Pós-graduação em Cuidado Primário em Saúde. Montes Claros. BR, Brito, Maria Fernanda Santos Figueiredo; Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Programa de Pós-graduação em Cuidado Primário em Saúde. Montes Claros. BR



Fuente científica: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o consumo de álcool entre os professores da rede pública estadual do ensino básico antes e durante a pandemia da COVID-19 e os fatores associados aos que aumentaram o consumo de bebidas alcoólicas durante a pandemia. Métodos: Inquérito epidemiológico do tipo websurvey , realizado com professores da educação básica das escolas da rede pública estadual de Minas Gerais. A coleta ocorreu de agosto a setembro/2020 via formulário digital e contou com o apoio da Secretaria de Estado de Educação. A variável dependente adotada foi o aumento no consumo de bebidas alcoólicas pelos professores durante a pandemia. Foi utilizada a regressão de Poisson, adotando nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Participaram do estudo 15.641 professores de 795 municípios mineiros. Em relação ao consumo de bebidas alcoólicas, antes da pandemia, 46,9% dos professores consumiam pelo menos uma vez por semana e durante a pandemia 7,1% relataram que estavam bebendo mais do que costumavam. Observou-se maior consumo de bebida alcoólica durante a pandemia entre os homens, com menor faixa etária, com maior renda familiar, os que tiveram muita dificuldade em realizar as atividades escolares, os insatisfeitos com o trabalho, os que começaram a ter problemas de sono e naqueles com algum familiar/amigo que desenvolveu sintomas graves da COVID-19. Conclusões: Os resultados evidenciaram que a maioria dos participantes manteve o seu consumo ou o diminuiu durante a pandemia, com 7,1% aumentando o uso de álcool. Esse aumento foi associado a fatores sociodemográficos e econômicos, condições de trabalho durante a pandemia, comportamentos/hábitos de vida e condições de saúde.

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate alcohol consumption among state public elementary school teachers before and during the COVID-19 pandemic and the factors associated with who increased their alcohol consumption during the pandemic. Methods: Websurvey-type epidemiological survey, carried out with primary education teachers from public schools in Minas Gerais. A probabilistic sample with proportionality for state teachers was estimated. The collection took place from August to September 2020 via digital form and had the support of the State Department of Education. The dependent variable adopted was the increase in the consumption of alcoholic beverages by teachers during the pandemic. Poisson Regression was used, adopting a significance level of 5%. Results: 15,641 teachers from 795 Minas Gerais municipalities participated in the study. Regarding the consumption of alcoholic beverages, before the pandemic 46.9% of teachers consumed at least once a week and during the pandemic 7.1% reported that they were drinking more than they used to. Higher consumption of alcoholic beverages was observed during the pandemic among men, with a lower age group, higher family income, those who had great difficulty to carry out school activities, those dissatisfied with work, those who started having sleep problems and in those where a family member or friend developed symptoms serious problems of COVID-19. Conclusions: The results showed that most participants maintained their consumption or decreased it during the pandemic. This increase was associated with sociodemographic and economic factors, working conditions during the pandemic, behaviors/life habits and health conditions.

Palabras clave: Alcoholic beverages, Bebidas alcoólicas, COVID-19, COVID-19, Health, Pandemia, Pandemic, Professores, Saúde, Teachers

"Pegar" ou "passar ": medos entre profissionais da linha de frente da COVID-19
"To Catch" or "to give": fears among frontline professionals at COVID-19

Horta, Rogerio Lessa; Universidade Feevale. Novo Hamburgo. BR, Lucini, Thaís Caroline Guedes; Universidade Feevale. Novo Hamburgo. BR, Leer más
Lantin, Pedro José Sartorelli; Universidade Feevale. Novo Hamburgo. BR, Perdonssini, Laura de Brizola; Universidade Feevale. Novo Hamburgo. BR, Sette, Talia Greici; Universidade Feevale. Novo Hamburgo. BR, Bittencourt, Michele Cristina; Universidade Feevale. Novo Hamburgo. BR, Barbosa, Marcus Levi Lopes; Universidade Feevale. Novo Hamburgo. BR, Camargo, Eduardo Guimarães; Universidade Feevale. Novo Hamburgo. BR



Fuente científica: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar a relação entre a realização de testes para detectar COVID-19 e indícios de sofrimento psíquico, estresse e burnout entre profissionais de saúde da linha de frente da pandemia em um hospital geral. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo de abordagem mista usando SRQ-20, PSS, OBI e entrevistas em profundidade em série de três entrevistas em 2020. Resultados: Prevalências preocupantes de escores elevados de SRQ20, Burnout e Estresse Percebido ocorreram nas três entrevistas, e o registro de testes realizados foi crescente no período estudado, mas não houve associação entre desfechos e realização de testes para detectar COVID-19. Os temores de contrair a doença e de ser transmissor do vírus apareceram como os principais estressores para profissionais de saúde, mantidos apesar da realização de testes. Conclusões: Nesse grupo, testes realizados não se mostraram suficientes para modificar os efeitos psicossociais da atividade em linha de frente sobre profissionais de saúde.

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the relationship between the performance of tests to detect COVID-19 and signs of psychological distress, perceived stress and burnout among health professionals on the frontline of the pandemic in a general hospital. Methods: Prospective mixed-approach study using SRQ-20, PSS, OBI and in-depth interviews in a series of 3 interviews throughout 2020. Results: Worrying prevalences of high scores of SRQ20, Burnout and Perceived Stress occurred on the three interviews and the number of tests performed increased during the study period, but there was no association between outcomes and testing to detect COVID- 19. Fear of contracting the disease or being a transmitter of the virus appeared as the main stressors for health professionals, maintained despite testing. Conclusions: In this group, tests performed were not sufficient to modify the psychosocial effects of the front line activity on health professionals.

Palabras clave: Burnout, Burnout, COVID-19 testing, COVID-19, COVID-19, Emotional stress, Estresse emocional, Health professionals, Profissionais de saúde, Teste COVID-19


Subacute thyroiditis associated with COVID-19 infection: a report of an increasing entity

Hajósi-Kalcakosz, Szofia; Heim Pál Childrens Hospital. Department of Infectious Diseases. Budapest. HU, Dénes, Judit; Hungarian Defense Forces. 2nd Department of Medicine. Division of Endocrinology. Budapest. HU, Leer más
Góth, Miklós; Hungarian Defense Forces. 2nd Department of Medicine. Division of Endocrinology. Budapest. HU



Fuente científica: Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online)

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

SUMMARY In March 2020, the World Health Organization characterized COVID-19 as a pandemic. By May 2021, 37 cases of subacute thyroiditis (SAT) associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) had been reported in the literature. We report a patient diagnosed with SAT associated with COVID-19 and review the previously reported cases. A 31-year-old female with no significant previous history developed SAT 5 weeks after SARS-CoV-2 infection. She presented with anterior neck pain and fever. Thyroid function tests revealed hyperthyroidism with slightly increased inflammatory markers. Thyroid ultrasound showed diffuse hypoechoic left lobe and a hypoechoic area in the right lobe. On the fine-needle-aspiration biopsy, large histiocytes, disrupted and normal follicles, and multinucleated giant cells within colloid were seen. Under oral corticosteroid therapy, clinical progression was rapid. Seven weeks later, all thyroid function tests and inflammatory markers normalized. During the recent viral outbreak, clinicians should keep in mind the possibility of SAT after COVID-19, and patients with symptoms of SAT should be tested for SARS-CoV-2.


Use of unconventional antithyroid therapy in patients with thiamazole agranulocytosis in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic

Gamero, Julio Alvarez; Edgardo Rebagliati Martins National Hospital Peruvian University Cayetano Heredia. Endocrinology Service. Lima. PE, Ruiz, Victor García; Edgardo Rebagliati Martins National Hospital National University of San Marcos. Endocrinology Service. Lima. PE, Leer más
Ibarra, Jose Paz; Hospital Nacional Edgardo Rebagliati Martins National University of San Marcos. Endocrinology Service. Lima. PE



Fuente científica: Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online)

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022


Two cases of subacute thyroiditis after different types of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination

Bostan, Hayri; University of Health Sciences. Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Training and Research Hospital. Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism. Ankara. TR, Unsal, Ilknur Ozturk; University of Health Sciences. Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Training and Research Hospital. Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism. Ankara. TR, Leer más
Kizilgul, Muhammed; University of Health Sciences. Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Training and Research Hospital. Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism. Ankara. TR, Gul, Umran; University of Health Sciences. Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Training and Research Hospital. Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism. Ankara. TR, Sencar, Muhammed Erkam; University of Health Sciences. Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Training and Research Hospital. Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism. Ankara. TR, Ucan, Bekir; University of Health Sciences. Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Training and Research Hospital. Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism. Ankara. TR, Cakal, Erman; University of Health Sciences. Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Training and Research Hospital. Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism. Ankara. TR



Fuente científica: Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online)

Fecha de actualización: 6 Abril, 2022

SUMMARY Although the development of subacute thyroiditis (SAT) following viral infections is well-documented, the actual mechanism has not been clearly elucidated. The occurrence of SAT after vaccination has been reported in several case series and possible mechanisms such as molecular mimicry due to the exposure to viral proteins and/or abnormal reactogenicity by adjuvants have been implicated. We describe two cases who developed SAT three days after the messenger RNA vaccine against COVID-19 (Pfizer-BioNTech®) and six days after the inactivated COVID-19 vaccine (CoronaVac®). SAT diagnosis of these patients was delayed for more than two weeks. When the current cases were evaluated together with 1 Pfizer-BioNTech® and 3 CoronaVac® related cases reported previously, the patients were female aged between 30-42, except for the male patient we presented, and the complaints of the patients initiated within the first 2-7 days. While two Pfizer-BioNTech® vaccine-related cases were severely symptomatic and thyrotoxic at presentation, there were cases with mild to moderate clinical manifestations in CoronaVac® vaccine-related group. Physicians should be aware of SAT that may occur within a few days following the COVID-19 vaccination.