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LOS HABITOS SALUDABLES CONLLEVAN EFECTOS ANTIDEPRESIVOS
(especial para SIIC © Derechos reservados)
Determinados hábitos de vida, como la práctica de actividad física moderada de forma regular, los patrones alimentarios saludables que propone la dieta mediterránea, la exposición frecuente a la luz natural, y el mantenimiento de un adecuado ciclo sueño-vigilia, tienen un efecto antidepresivo. Además, dichas medidas higiénico-dietéticas interactúan entre sí, de manera que llevar a cabo alguna de ellas facilita indirectamente los cambios en el resto.
Autor:
Mauro Garcia-toro
Columnista Experto de SIIC

Institución:
Universidad de las Islas Baleares


Artículos publicados por Mauro Garcia-toro
Coautores
Olga Ibarra* Miguel Roca** 
Médico, Hospital Son Espases. Palma de Mallorca, España*
Médico, Universidad de las Islas Baleares**
Recepción del artículo
29 de Junio, 2013
Aprobación
10 de Agosto, 2013
Primera edición
18 de Septiembre, 2013
Segunda edición, ampliada y corregida
10 de Julio, 2014
Resumen
La depresión es un problema de salud importante y en crecimiento. Las dos piedras angulares de su tratamiento son la psicofarmacología y la psicoterapia, pero sus resultados están lejos de ser satisfactorios en algunos casos. Este artículo ofrece una visión general de cuatro estrategias complementarias para el tratamiento de la depresión. Se ha sugerido que los factores relacionados con el estilo de vida pueden contribuir a la aparición y el mantenimiento de la depresión. Además, hay una creciente cantidad de información acerca de que las recomendaciones sobre aspectos del estilo de vida como la dieta, el ejercicio físico, la exposición a la luz solar, así como técnicas conductuales para regular el ciclo vigilia-sueño pueden ser útiles en el tratamiento. Sin embargo, hay poca investigación acerca de la utilidad de combinar estas sencillas medidas higiénico-dietéticas y asociarlas con el tratamiento antidepresivo.

Palabras clave
dieta, depresión, luz solar, estilo de vida, sueño, ejercicio


Clasificación en siicsalud
Artículos originales > Expertos de Iberoamérica >
página   www.siicsalud.com/des/expertocompleto.php/

Especialidades
Principal: Atención PrimariaSalud Mental
  Relacionadas: NutriciónMedicina FamiliarSalud PúblicaEpidemiología

Enviar correspondencia a:
Mauro García Toro, 07122, Ctra de Valldemossa Km 7.5, Palma de Mallorca, España

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Healthy life habits have an antidepressant effect

Abstract
Depression is a major and growing health problem, especially in the developed world. The two cornerstone treatments are psychopharmacology and psychotherapy, but their results are far from satisfactory in some cases. This article provides a broad overview of four useful complementary strategies for the treatment of depression. It has been suggested that factors related to lifestyle can contribute to the development and maintenance of depression. Consistently, there is increasing evidence that lifestyle recommendations such as diet, exercise, sun light exposure and behavioural techniques that regulate sleep-wake rhythm may be useful in treatment. However, there is very little research on the usefulness of combining these simple hygienic-dietetic measures and their association with antidepressant treatment.

Key words
diet, lifestyle, depression, sleep, sun light exposure, exercise

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Título español
Resumen
 Palabras clave
 Bibliografía
 Artículo completo
(exclusivo a suscriptores)
 Autoevaluación
  Tema principal en SIIC Data Bases
 Especialidades

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 Key words
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Artículos originales>
Expertos de Iberoamérica

Especialidad principal:
Atención PrimariaSalud Mental

Relacionadas:
 Nutrición
 Medicina Familiar
 Salud Pública
 Epidemiología
 
 
 
 
 
 
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